While giving a written reply in the Parliament to the queries posed by Villupuram MP D Ravikumar, the minister said the ministry had developed a national grid on a priority basis for optimal utilization of unevenly distributed resources as well as to facilitate power transfer from surplus to deficit regions across the country.
“In the process, five regional grids; namely, eastern region, northeastern region, western region, northern region and southern region have been integrated through high voltage direct current inter-regional links. Integration of regional grids resulted in formation of one nation-one grid-one frequency. Inter-regional transfer capacity now stands at 1.05 lakh MW,” Singh said.
He said electricity rates for consumers vary from state to state as the respective state commissions fix the rates based on various factors like power purchase cost, aggregate technical and commercial loss, operation and maintenance expense, and consumer mix that also differ from state to state.
“Electricity is a concurrent subject. Supply and distribution of electricity to various categories of consumers in a state is done by the state government/power utility. The central government supplements the efforts of the state governments by establishing power plants in the central sector through central public-sector undertakings and allocating power from them to the various states/UTs to meet their respective power requirement and constructing inter-state transmission lines to transfer power from one part of the country to another,” said Singh while outlining the ministry’s efforts in increasing power generation.
On the steps taken by the ministry to implement one pricing policy, the minister said the central government notified a tariff policy laying down general guidelines for central commission and state commissions to fix the tariff.